Authentic French Croque-monsieur recipe (or Mister crunch)

The croque-monsieur is a French sandwich very easy to cook and a perfect meal for your lunchbox with a green salad! This is the traditional French recipe but you can imagine many variations.

A piece of history about the Croque-monsieur

A croque-monsieur (French for “mister crunch”) is a baked ham and cheese sandwich. The dish originated in French cafés and bars as a quick snack. A croque-madame (French for “mistress crunch”) is a variant of the dish topped with a fried egg.

The name is based on the verb croquer (“to bite, to crunch”) and the word monsieur (“mister”). The sandwich’s first recorded appearance on a Paris café menu was in 1910. 

Ingredients for 4 Croque-monsieur

  • 8 thin slices white sandwich breads
  • 8 slices of ham
  • Freshly grated Cheese (Gruyère, or parmesan)

Preparation of Croque-monsieur

Preheat oven to 425° F. 

Place 4 slices of bread on a parchment-lined baking sheet



Top each with a piece of ham, a handful of cheese. Then, place remaining slices of bread on top, then top with remaining gruyere and parmesan cheese.

Finally, bake at 425 °F for about 5-6 minutes, until cheese is melted, and then turn the oven to broil and broil until the cheese on top is golden, 2-4 minutes.

Variants of the sandwich with substitutions or additional ingredients are given names modeled on the original croque-monsieur, for example:

  • Croque provençal (with tomato)
  • Croque auvergnat (with bleu d’Auvergne cheese)
  • Croque norvégien (with smoked salmon instead of ham)
  • Croque tartiflette (with sliced potatoes and Reblochon cheese)
  • Croque bolognese (with Bolognese sauce)
  • Croque señor (with tomato salsa)
  • Croque Hawaiian (with a slice of pineapple)

If you need more ideas for your lunchbox, you should try our Quiche Lorraine recipe or our French club sandwich recipe!

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